Past IEM Features tagged: solar
While the days recently have been noticeably cold, they have almost been noticeably getting longer! Daylight time increase after the winter solstice (21 Dec) until the summer solstice on 21 June. The top panel in the featured chart presents the daylight time by day of year and the bottom chart presents the day to day change in daylight time. Three locations are shown to illustrate the difference with latitude. For daylight duration, the three lines intersect on the vernal and autumnal equinox as all locations on earth are at approximately 12 hours of daylight. For the daily change plot, the three lines intersect at the solstice as the rate changes sign for all locations on earth. It is kind of interesting to note how the daily change curve flattens out for Anchorage. The hand-waving explanation is that this is due to the trigonometry involved with the cosine function rate of change flattening.
It is somewhat ironic that the first day of summer also is the first day with shortening daylight time. The featured map shows the idealized change in daylight time from Friday to Saturday. Iowa will loose just over four seconds! Of course, this change accelerates as the summer moves along. The start of the summer season will also feature some of the hottest and muggiest weather we have seen so far.